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River Primary School

River Primary School

Grammar, Punctuation & Spelling

Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar



Below are our high frequency spelling words that we will be practising throughout the year during spelling lessons and then applying into our writing. You can practise these at home on Spelling Shed or by using some of our fun activities.



Each term we will be learning specific spelling rules in line with National Curriculum guidance. 


We will be practising spelling the words individually and also ensuring we apply them into our writing.

At home you can practise the spelling words, together with the words we learn that are specific to our topic learning, through regular use of Spelling Shed.  This can be played for free online via individual pupil logins or via an app,  which can be purchased through your usual app store.   

We encourage regular use of this, ideally 5-10 minutes daily for building up fluency,  but certainly 3 times per week to help children in learning these key spelling patterns and rules in an engaging way.


 It is really important the children have an understanding of the meaning of these words so that they know when they can apply it appropriately into their writing.


Spelling Games

 Which of these games can you try? Which is your favourite? Use either the Year 3 and 4 high frequency words to practise or words from our spelling patterns that you have found or used in school.


Silly sentences - this is a great way to use homophones in context. Write the silliest sentences you can using as many of our spelling words. If you complete them at home, then bring them into school to share with the class.

Code breakers - turn your spellings into a secret code for others to solve. 


High Frequency Words - These words are from Key Stage 1 high frequency words which we are checking we definitely spell correctly!

Punctuation and Grammar


During Term One, we will begin to build an understanding of expanded noun phrases (e.g. the teacher expanded to: the strict maths teacher with curly hair) as well as introducing the use of adverbials as sentence openers, including the correct use of commas following these (for example, Later that day, I heard the bad news.)


We will continue to focus on the use of paragraphs to organise ideas around a theme and ensuring the appropriate choice of pronoun or noun within and across sentences to aid cohesion and avoid repetition.  


Terminology the children will begin to develop a deeper understanding of during the year will include:


possessive pronoun





Top Marks SPAG Games